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APA Citation

APA Citation

American Psychological Association (APA) citation style is used to avoid plagiarism and give credit to others for their work. APA (7th edition) requires:

  • In-Text Citations for each source when paraphrasing and quoting
  • References page with full citation details for each source used

Articles

Article (General Format)

Author Last Name, First Name. (Publication Date). Article title. Title of Publication, volume number(issue number), pages. DOI URL
In-text: (Author, YYYY)

Journal Article on Website or Database (DOI)

Hayakawa, M. (2013). Possible electromagnetic effects on abnormal animal behavior before an earthquake. Animals, 3(1), 19-32. https://doi.org/10.3390/ani3010019
In-text: (Hayakawa, 2013)

Journal Article on Website or Database (No DOI)

Madley, S. & Jilek, L. (2012). Attachment style and dissolution of romantic relationships: Breaking up is hard to do, or is it? Individual Differences Research, 10(4), 202-210.
In-text: (Madley & Jilek, 2012)

Newspaper Article on Website or Database

Baig, E. C. (2012, January 20). Apple looks to transform e-textbooks. USA Today. http://www.usatoday.com
In-text: (Baig, 2012)

Books

Book (General Format)

Author Last Name, First Name. (Publication Date). Title. Publisher.
In-text: (Author, Year)

Book in Print

Said, E. (1978). Orientalism. Pantheon Books.
In-text: (Said, 1978)

eBook in a Database

Marshall, C. W., & Kovacs, G. (2011). Classics and comics. Oxford University Press.
In-text: (Marshall & Kovacs, 2011)

Chapter in a Book in Print

Pellerin, R. M., & Sanders, J. (2016). Disability and inequality. In J. Ballantine (Ed.), Our social world, (5th ed., pp. 359-360). Sage.
In-text: (Pellerin & Sanders, 2016)

Chapter in a Book in Database

Hanson, M. (2000). Deep ecology. In L. Code (Ed.), Encyclopedia of feminist theories. Routledge.
In-text: (Hanson, 2000)

Databases

Academic Search Ultimate

Madley, S. & Jilek, L. (2012). Attachment style and dissolution of romantic relationships: Breaking up is hard to do, or is it? Individual Differences Research, 10(4), 202-210.
In-text: (Madley & Jilek, 2012)

ArtSTOR

Gurney, J. (Photographer). (1871). Portrait (front) of Bird Chief in native dress with ornaments [Photograph]. National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution, Suitland.
In-text: (Gurney, 1871)

Britannica: Academic

Black death. (2020). In Encyclopaedia Britannica. Encyclopaedia Britannica.
In-text: ("Black Death", 2020)

CQ Researcher

Glazer, S. (2006, April 14). Future of feminism. CQ Researcher, 16, 313-336.
In-text: (Glazer, 2006)

eBook Collection

Hanson, M. (2000). Deep ecology. In L. Code (Ed.), Encyclopedia of feminist theories. Routledge.
In-text: (Hanson, 2000)

Films on Demand

Films Media Group. (2012). Lifelong physical activity [Video file].
In-text: (Films Media Group, 2012)

Gale eBooks

Smith, B. L., & Levitt, H. M. (2008). Transgender. In W. A. Darity, Jr. (Ed.), International encyclopedia of the social sciences (2nd ed., Vol. 8, pp. 431-432). MacMillan Reference USA.
In-text: (Smith & Levitt, 2008)

JSTOR

Fonjong, L. (2001). Fostering women’s participation in development through non-governmental efforts in Cameroon. The Geographical Journal, 167(3), 223-234. https://doi.org/10.1111/1475-4959.00020
In-text: (Fonjong, 2001)

Opposing Viewpoints

Maich, S. (2010). The fight against AIDS could be won with more government money. In N. Harris (Ed.), AIDS in Developing Countries. Greenhaven Press.
In-text: (Maich, 2010)

PsychArticles

Walsh, R. (2001). Positive psychology: East and West. American Psychologist, 61(1), 83-84. https://doi.org/10.1037/0003-066X.56.1.83
In-text: (Walsh, 2001)

Websites

Website (General Format)

Author (Person or Company). (Date-if available). Name of page. Name of site. URL
In-text: (Author, Date)

Page on a Website

Supreme Court of the United States. (n.d.). Justices. https://www.supremecourt.gov/about/justices.aspx
In-text: (Supreme Court, n.d.)

Article on a Website

Rosa-Aquino, P. (2020, August 17). Hubble just captured a lunar eclipse for the first time ever. Popular Science. https://www.popsci.com/story/space/hubble-blood-moon-lunar-eclipse/
In-text: (Rosa-Aquino, 2020)

Entire Website

Do not create references or in-text citations for whole websites.

YouTube

Lustig, R. H. (2009, July 30). Sugar: The bitter truth [Video]. YouTube. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dBnniua6-oM
In-text: (Lustig, 2009)

Other

Film

Loyd, P. (Director). (2008). Mamma mia! [Film]. Universal Pictures.
In-text: (Loyd, 2008)

Podcast

Koenig, S. (Host). (2014, October 3). The alibi (No. 1) [Audio podcast episode]. In Serial. WBEZ Chicago. https://serialpodcast.org
In-text: (Koenig, 2014)