Chicago Citation & Style Guide

Footnotes (FN) & Bibliography (B) Examples

Chicago style requires the use of one of two different documentation systems. The Notes and Bibliography system (outlined on this webpage) uses notes (footnotes or endnotes or both) and usually a bibliography. The examples preceded by "(FN)" here are the format for the footnote/endnote and the examples preceded by "(B)" are the format for the bibliography entry. For the Author-Date system consult The Chicago Manual of Style.


Indentation of Footnotes

The first (and only first) line of footnotes should be indented .5” like in the following example:


Shortened (Subsequent) Citations

If citing the same source more than once, give full citation details in first footnote and shortened details for subsequent footnotes. The most common short form for citations requires author’s last name, main title of work shortened to four words or less, and page (or page range) being cited:

1. J. K. Rowling, Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets (New York, Arthur A. Levine Books, 1999), 125-131.

2. Rowling, Harry Potter, 157.


Bibliography page

A bibliography, which appears at the end of your paper, lists every work you have cited in your notes; it may also include works consulted but not cited. Entries should be alphabetized and a hanging indent used for entries longer than one line.