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Chicago Citation

About Chicago

Chicago citation style is used to avoid plagiarism and give credit to others for their work. Chicago style requires the use of one of two different documentation systems:

  • Notes and Bibliography uses notes (footnotes or endnotes or both) and usually a bibliography
  • Author-Date system - consult The Chicago Manual of Style or meet with a librarian

Articles

Article (General Format)

Footnote
1. Author First and Last Names. “Title of Article,” Title of Journal Volume#, Issue# (Year): page range, doi.
Bibliography
Author Last Name, First Name. “Title of Article.” Title of Journal Volume#, Issue# (Year): page range. doi.

Journal Article (DOI)

Footnote
2. Ivy Hsieh and Marylou Matoush, “Filial Daughter, Woman Warrior, or Identity-Seeking Fairytale Princess: Fostering Critical Awareness Through Mulan,” Children’s Literature in Education 43, no. 3 (2012): 213-22, doi:10.1007/s10583-147-y.
Bibliography
Hsieh, Ivy and Marylou Matoush. “Filial Daughter, Woman Warrior, or Identity-Seeking Fairytale Princess: Fostering Critical Awareness Through Mulan.” Children’s Literature in Education 80, no. 3 (2012): 213-22. doi:10.1007/s10583-147-y.

Journal Article (No DOI)

Footnote
3. Achim Wennmann, “The Political Economy of Conflict Financing: A Comprehensive Approach Beyond Natural Resources,” Global Governance 13, no. 3 (2007): 427-44, http://www.jstor.org/stable/27800670.
Bibliography
Wennmann, Achim. “The Political Economy of Conflict Financing: A Comprehensive Approach Beyond Natural Resources.” Global Governance 13, no. 3 (2007): 427-44. http://www.jstor.org/stable/27800670.

Books

Book (General Format)

Footnote
10. Author First and Last Name, Title of Book, (Publication Location: Publisher, Year), page.
Bibliography
Author Last Name, First Name. Title of Book, Publication Location: Publisher, Year.

Book in Print

Footnote
11. Vincent Brook, ed., Land of Smoke & Mirrors: A History of Los Angeles (New Brunswick: Rutgers Press, 2013), 150.
Bibliography
Brook, Vincent, ed. Land of Smoke & Mirrors: A History of Los Angeles. New Brunswick: Rutgers Press, 2013.

Chapter or Essay in Book

Footnote
12. Darel T. Engen, “Trade, Traders, and the Economy of Athens in the Fourth Century B.C.E.,” in Prehistory and History, ed. David W. Tandy (Montreal: Black Rose, 2001), 180.
Bibliography
Engen, Darel T. “Trade, Traders, and the Economy of Athens in the Fourth Century B.C.E.” In Prehistory and History, edited by David W. Tandy, 178-209. Montreal: Black Rose, 2001.

eBook (DOI)

Footnote
13. Clara B. Jones. Behavioral Flexibility in Primates: Causes and Consequences. (New York: Springer, 2005), 14-29, doi:10.1007/978-0-387-23327-7.
Bibliography
Jones, Clara B. Behavioral Flexibility in Primates: Causes and Consequences. New York: Springer, 2005. doi:10.1007/978-0-387-23327-7.

eBook (No DOI)

Footnote
14. Abbie E. Goldberg. Gay Dads: Transitions to Fatherhood. (New York: New York University Press, 2012), http:// prox.miracosta.edu/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=nlebk&AN=466895&site=ehost-live.
Bibliography
Goldberg, Abbie E. Gay Dads: Transitions to Fatherhood. New York: New York University Press, 2012. EBSCOhost.

Databases

Film from Database

Footnote
8. Ken Burns, Simply Murder, Public Broadcasting Service video, 1:01:52, 1990, http://search.alexanderstreet.com/view/ work/1787328.
Bibliography
Burns, Ken. Simply Murder. Public Broadcasting Service video, 1:01:52. 1990. http://search.alexanderstreet.com/view/ work/1787328.

Websites

Website Template

Footnote
9. Firstname Lastname, “Title of Web Page,” Name of Website, Publishing Organization, publication or revision date if available, access date if no other date is available, URL.
Bibliography
Lastname, Firstname. “Title of Web Page.” Name of Website. Publishing organization, publication or revision date if available. Access date if no other date is available. URL.

Webpage with No Author

Footnote
10. “Illinois Governor Wants to 'Fumigate' State's Government,” CNN online, January 30, 2009, http://edition.cnn.com/2009/POLITICS/01/30/illinois.governor.quinn/.
Bibliography
"Illinois Governor Wants to 'Fumigate' State's Government.” CNN online. January 30, 2009. http://edition.cnn.com/2009/POLITICS/01/30/illinois.governor.quinn/.

Other

Film

Footnote
10. Joe Versus the Volcano, directed by John Patrick Shanley (1990; Burbank, CA: Warner Home Video, 2002), DVD.
Bibliography
Shanley, John Patrick, dir. Joe Versus the Volcano. 1990; Burbank, CA: Warner Home Video, 2002. DVD.

Recorded Speech

Footnote
11. Toni Morrison, “Nobel Lecture,” December 7, 1993, Grand Hall of the Swedish Academy, Stockholm, Sweden, MPEG-4, 33:18, https://www.nobelprize.org/mediaplayer/.
Bibliography
Morrison, Toni. “Nobel Lecture.” December 7, 1993. Grand Hall of the Swedish Academy, Stockholm, Sweden. MPEG-4, 33:18. https://www.nobelprize.org/mediaplayer/.