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Chicago Citation

Chicago style, most frequently used in history and the social sciences, is a specific formatting style that students and scholars use to write papers and cite sources. Information here is taken from the The Chicago Manual of Style (17th ed.), which may be consulted for questions not addressed here. Purdue University's Online Writing Lab is also an excellent resource.

Please note that Chicago style requires the use of one of two different documentation systems. The first, called Notes and Bibliography, is presented here and in the handout below, uses notes (footnotes or endnotes or both) and usually a bibliography. For the Author-Date system consult The Chicago Manual of Style or meet with a librarian.

Chicago Citation Examples

Articles

Article (General Format)
Footnote
1. Author First and Last Names. “Title of Article,” Title of Journal Volume#, Issue# (Year): page range, doi.
Bibliography
Author Last Name, First Name. “Title of Article.” Title of Journal Volume#, Issue# (Year): page range. doi.

Journal Article (DOI)
Footnote
2. Ivy Hsieh and Marylou Matoush, “Filial Daughter, Woman Warrior, or Identity-Seeking Fairytale Princess: Fostering Critical Awareness Through Mulan,” Children’s Literature in Education 43, no. 3 (2012): 213-22, doi:10.1007/s10583-147-y.
Bibliography
Hsieh, Ivy and Marylou Matoush. “Filial Daughter, Woman Warrior, or Identity-Seeking Fairytale Princess: Fostering Critical Awareness Through Mulan.” Children’s Literature in Education 80, no. 3 (2012): 213-22. doi:10.1007/s10583-147-y.

Journal Article (No DOI)
Footnote
3. Achim Wennmann, “The Political Economy of Conflict Financing: A Comprehensive Approach Beyond Natural Resources,” Global Governance 13, no. 3 (2007): 427-44, http://www.jstor.org/stable/27800670.
Bibliography
Wennmann, Achim. “The Political Economy of Conflict Financing: A Comprehensive Approach Beyond Natural Resources.” Global Governance 13, no. 3 (2007): 427-44. http://www.jstor.org/stable/27800670.

Books

Book (General Format)
Footnote
10. Author First and Last Name, Title of Book, (Publication Location: Publisher, Year), page.
Bibliography
Author Last Name, First Name. Title of Book, Publication Location: Publisher, Year.

Book in Print
Footnote
11. Vincent Brook, ed., Land of Smoke & Mirrors: A History of Los Angeles (New Brunswick: Rutgers Press, 2013), 150.
Bibliography
Brook, Vincent, ed. Land of Smoke & Mirrors: A History of Los Angeles. New Brunswick: Rutgers Press, 2013.

Chapter or Essay in Book
Footnote
12. Darel T. Engen, “Trade, Traders, and the Economy of Athens in the Fourth Century B.C.E.,” in Prehistory and History, ed. David W. Tandy (Montreal: Black Rose, 2001), 180.
Bibliography
Engen, Darel T. “Trade, Traders, and the Economy of Athens in the Fourth Century B.C.E.” In Prehistory and History, edited by David W. Tandy, 178-209. Montreal: Black Rose, 2001.

eBook (DOI)
Footnote
13. Clara B. Jones. Behavioral Flexibility in Primates: Causes and Consequences. (New York: Springer, 2005), 14-29, doi:10.1007/978-0-387-23327-7.
Bibliography
Jones, Clara B. Behavioral Flexibility in Primates: Causes and Consequences. New York: Springer, 2005. doi:10.1007/978-0-387-23327-7.

eBook (No DOI)
Footnote
14. Abbie E. Goldberg. Gay Dads: Transitions to Fatherhood. (New York: New York University Press, 2012), http:// prox.miracosta.edu/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=nlebk&AN=466895&site=ehost-live.
Bibliography
Goldberg, Abbie E. Gay Dads: Transitions to Fatherhood. New York: New York University Press, 2012. EBSCOhost.

Websites

Website (General Format)
Footnote
10. Author First and Last Name, "Title of Page," Publisher, last modified Date, URL.
Bibliography
Author Last Name, First Name. "Title of Page." Publisher. Last modified Date. URL.

Page on Website
Footnote
5. Suchi Rudra, “Fresh Thinking,” The Slate Group, last modified February 11, 2014, http://www.slate.com/articles/ health_and_science/food_system/2013/08/fresh_ideas_that_keep_farms_churning.html.
Bibliography
Rudra, Suchi. “Fresh Thinking.” The Slate Group. Last modified February 11, 2014. http://www.slate.com/articles/ health_and_science/food_system/2013/08/fresh_ideas_that_keep_farms_churning.html.

Report on Website
Footnote
6. “Air & Radiation,” United States Environmental Protection Agency, published July 16, 2013, http://www.epa.gov/air/.
Bibliography
United States Environmental Protection Agency. “Air & Radiation.” Published July 16, 2013. http://www.epa.gov/air/.

YouTube Video
Footnote
7. “Lady Gaga - Born This Way,” YouTube video, 7:19, posted by “LadyGagaVEVO,” February 27, 2011, http:// www.youtube.com/watch?v=wV1FrqwZyKw.
Bibliography
“Lady Gaga - Born This Way.” YouTube video, 7:19. Posted by “LadyGagaVEVO.” February 27, 2011. http:// www.youtube.com/watch?v=wV1FrqwZyKw.

Other Sources

Film from Database
Footnote
8. Ken Burns, Simply Murder, Public Broadcasting Service video, 1:01:52, 1990, http://search.alexanderstreet.com/view/ work/1787328.
Bibliography
Burns, Ken. Simply Murder. Public Broadcasting Service video, 1:01:52. 1990. http://search.alexanderstreet.com/view/ work/1787328.