Reciprocity. (2008). In W. A. Darity, Jr. (Ed.), International Encyclopedia of the Social Sciences (2nd ed., Vol. 7, pp. 105-107). Macmillan Reference USA. https://link.gale.com/apps/doc/CX3045302203/GVRL?u=ocea63505&sid=GVRL&xid=1844b5c2
The golden rule of reciprocity (“treat others as you would have them treat you”) is present in most philosophical traditions and religions, and can be thought of as a fundamental human moral imperative.
Virtual and augmented reality are creating new, immersive experiences for audiences. We can “feel” stories rather than just watching or reading them. But is more emotion what’s really missing from news? Will feelings be the new facts?
lgorithmic tools are in widespread use across the criminal justice system today. Predictive policing algorithms, including PredPol and HunchLab, inform police deployment with estimates of where crime is most likely to occur. Patternizr is a pattern recognition tool at the New York Police Department that helps detectives automatically discover related crimes. Police departments also use facial recognition software to identify possible suspects from video footage. District attorneys in Chicago and New York have leveraged predictive models to focus prosecution efforts on high-risk individuals. In San Francisco, the district attorney uses an algorithm that obscures race information from case materials to reduce bias in charging decisions.
Black and Hispanic adults remain less likely than whites to say they own a traditional computer or have high speed internet at home, according to a Pew Research Center survey conducted in early 2019. But smartphones are playing a role in helping to bridge these differences.
Wealthy end users are getting fiber, but predominantly low-income users are not being transitioned off legacy infrastructure. The result being “digital redlining” of broadband, where wealthy broadband users are getting the benefits of cheaper and faster Internet access through fiber, and low-income broadband users are being left behind with more expensive slow access by that same carrier.
Four Black YouTube creators–Lisa Cabrera, Catherine Jones, Denotra Nicole Lewis, and Kimberly Carleste Newman–have filed suit against the platform (and parent company Google), accusing it of “knowingly, intentionally, and systematically” using algorithms to “restrict access and drive them off YouTube.”
Have you ever heard of Facebook’s “real name” policy? Facebook’s policy requires users to sign up for accounts using their real names, saying that the policy helps to reduce harassment by fake accounts. Seems reasonable, yes? But, who gets to decide what a “real name” is? And how might the policy be wielded to deny access or to exclude/marginalize people?
Which tech companies employ the most people of colour and which are more of a whitewash?We sifted through the global employee data of several leading tech firms where available. The data isn’t exactly black and white: not all companies declare their figures and most don’t reveal the ratio of manual labourers to executives. But some interesting patterns arise and it’s clear that some are better represented than others.
From global protests against racial injustice to the 2020 election, some Americans who use social media are taking to these platforms to mobilize others and show their support for causes or issues. But experiences and attitudes related to political activities on social media vary by race and ethnicity, age, and party, according to a Pew Research Center survey of U.S. adults conducted June 16-22, 2020.
The M+R Benchmarks Study collects a vast array of data from 201 nonprofits across a wide spectrum of issue areas, and track the key metrics that are driving digital marketing, advocacy, and fundraising programs.
Analysis of a sample of 225 pieces of misinformation rated false or misleading by fact-checkers and published in English between January and the end of March 2020, drawn from a collection of fact-checks maintained by First Draft.
Dr. Robert B. Cialdini--the seminal expert in the field of influence and persuasion--explains the psychology of why people say yes and how to apply these principles ethically in business and everyday situations.
Introduces CONSPIR, a mnemonic for the 7 traits of conspiratorial thinking:
Something must be wrong
Immune to Evidence
Psychiatrists have a significant role to play in addressing the spread of conspiracy theories regarding COVID-19. They can now use their diagnostic concepts in order to determine the comorbidity of conspiratorial thinking with particular psychopathologies, and on the basis of that knowledge, some concrete public health policies can be proposed.
This research demonstrates that conspiracy theories—often represented as subversive alternatives to establishment narratives—may bolster, rather than undermine, support for the social status quo when its legitimacy is under threat.