Skip to main content

MLA Citation

Modern Language Association (MLA) style, most commonly used in the humanities and liberal arts, is a specific formatting style that students and scholars use when writing papers and citing sources. Citing sources in MLA Style requires a brief in-text citation and a final Works Cited page with the full details of each source used.

The Works Cited list is the final page of a research paper and is comprised of citations for all sources used. It provides the complete details for each source that was cited briefly in-text and should be alphabetized and double-spaced. If the full citation for a source is longer than one line then every line after the first should have a half-inch hanging indent.

Any time you paraphrase or quote from a source you must give an in-text citation. Every in-text citation points a reader to complete details of each source used in the Works Cited page (at the end of your paper). In-text citations in MLA style require you to give author and specific page number(s) when available.

Formatting a paper correctly in MLA, including margins, page numbers, and more, is explained in detail at the MLA Style Center.

The Purdue OWL website provides information on annotated bibliographies, as well as a sample entry from an annotated bibliography.

MLA Citation Examples

Articles

Article (General Format)
Author Last Name, First Name. "Title: Subtitle of Article." Title of Source, vol. and/or no., Publisher, Publication Date (Date Month Year), URL-no http://, Accessed Date Month Year.
In-text: (Author page)

Article on a Website
Wheeler, Brian, and Alex Hunt. "All You Need to Know About the UK Leaving the EU." BBC News, 29 Sep. 2016, www.bbc.com/news/uk-politics-32810887. Accessed 12 Nov. 2016.
In-text: (Wheeler and Hunt)

Scholarly Article in a Database (DOI)
Bahr, Peter. "Classifying Community Colleges Based on Students' Patterns of Use." Research in Higher Education, vol. 54, no. 4, June 2013, pp. 433-460. EBSCOhost, doi:10.1007/s11162-012-9272-5. Accessed 12 Nov. 2016.
In-text: (Bahr 433)

Scholarly Article in a Database
Allom, Vanessa, et al. "Physical Activity and Transitioning to College: The Importance of Intentions and Habits." American Journal of Health Behavior, vol. 40, no. 2, Mar. 2016, pp. 280-290. EBSCOhost, doi: 10.5993/AJHB.40.2.13. Accessed 3 Nov. 2016.
In-text: (Allom et al. 285)

Books

Book (General Format)
Author. Title. Publisher, Publication Date (Year).
In-text: (Author page)

Book in Print
Said, Edward. Orientalism. Pantheon Books, 1978.
In-text: (Said 25)

eBook in a Database
Marshall, C. W., and George Kovacs. Classics and Comics. Oxford UP, 2011. EBSCOhost, search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=352893&site=ehost-live.
In-text: (Marshall and Kovacs 433)

Chapter or Essay in a Book
Pellerin, Robert M. "Disability and Inequality." Our Social World, edited by Jeanne H. Ballantine, et al., 5th ed., Sage, 2016, pp. 359-360.
In-text: (Pellerin 359)

Databases

Academic Search Ultimate
Bahr, Peter. "Classifying Community Colleges Based on Students' Patterns of Use." Research in Higher Education, vol. 54, no. 4, June 2013, pp. 433-460. EBSCOhost, doi:10.1007/s11162-012-9272-5. Accessed 12 Nov. 2016.
In-text: (Bahr 434)

Academic Video Online
"Chaos and Kings." Egypt, directed by Jeff Morgan, produced by John Gwyn, episode 1, Sky Vision, 1998. Academic Video Online, search.alexanderstreet.com.prox.miracosta.edu/avon/view/work/2305685. Accessed 12 Nov. 2016.
In-text: ("Chaos and Kings")

ArtStor
Michelangelo. David. 1501-1504, Galleria dell'Accademica, Florence. ArtStor.
In-text: (Michelangelo)

CQ Researcher
Clemmitt, Marcia. "Student Debt." CQ Researcher, vol. 21, no. 37, 21 Oct. 2011, pp. 877-900. CQ Press, library.cqpress.com/cqresearcher/cqresrre2011102100. Accessed 12 Nov. 2016.
In-text: (Clemmit 2)

eBook Collection
Marshall, C. W., and George Kovacs. Classics and Comics. Oxford UP, 2011. EBSCOhost, search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=352893&site=ehost-live.
In-text: (Marshall and Kovacs 75)

Films on Demand
"Thebes, Part 1: Life on the West Bank of the Nile." Living Stones 2: Uncovering Ancient History, Films Media Group, 2004. Films on Demand, prox.miracosta.edu/login?url=http://fod.infobase.com/PortalPlaylists.aspx?wID=97052&xtid=38797&loid=49559. Accessed 12 Nov. 2016.
In-text: ("Thebes")

Gale Virtual Reference Library
Kadolph, Sara J. "Chintz." Encyclopedia of Clothing and Fashion, edited by Valerie Steele, 2nd ed., vol. 1, Charles Scribner's Sons, 2005. pp. 266-268. Gale Virtual Reference Library, prox.miracosta.edu/login?url=http://go.galegroup.com/ps/i.do?p=gvrl&sw=w&u=ocea63505&v=2.1&it=r&id=gale|cx3427500126&asid=8b5b54950d2a007e97ee28c2ca387627. Accessed 12 Nov. 2016.
In-text: (Kadolph 266)

JSTOR
Stone, Jim. "Harry Potter and the Spectre of Imprecision." Analysis, vol. 70, no. 4, 2010, pp. 638-44. JSTOR, www.jstor.org/stable/40930271. Accessed 12 Nov. 2016.
In-text: (Stone 639)

Opposing Viewpoints
Sklar, Holly. "Raising the Minimum Wage Will Help the Poor." Social Justice, edited by William Dudley, Greenhaven Press, 2005. Opposing Viewpoints in Context, prox.miracosta.edu/login?url=http://link.galegroup.com/apps/doc/EJ3010755210/OVIC?u =ocea63505&xid=d9e56bfb. ​Accessed 12 Nov. 2016.
In-text: (Sklar)

Websites

Website (General Format)
Author. "Title." Website Name, Publication Date (Date Month Year), URL-no http://. Accessed Date Month Year.
In-text: (Author page)

Article on a Website
Lansky, Sam. "Adele on Motherhood, Social Media, and Breaking Records." Time, 21 Dec. 2015, time.com/4155795/adele-time-cover-story-interview-motherhood25/. Accessed 12 Nov. 2016.
In-text: (Lansky)

Entire Website
Supreme Court of the United States. The United States Government, 15 July 2016, www.supremecourt.gov. Accessed 8 Nov. 2016.
In-text; (Supreme Court)

Image on a Website
Dali, Salvador. Specter of the Evening. 1930. The San Diego Museum of Art, SDMART, collection.sdmart.org/Obj1100?sid=1234&x=100551&port=2907. Accessed 23 May 2018.
In-text: (Michelangelo)

Twitter
@persianwiki. "We have report of large street battles in east & west of Tehran now - #Iranelection." Twitter, 23 June 2009, 11:15 a.m., twitter.com/persianwiki/status/2298106072.
In-text: (@persianwiki)

Email
Picard, Jean-Luc. "Re: Warp Drive Repairs." Received by Geordi La Forge, 23 May 2016.
In-text: (Picard)

YouTube
"Young Syrian Refugees." YouTube, uploaded by BuzzFeedBlue, 20 May 2014, www.youtube.com/watch?v=E_kP2jMzn24."
In-text: ("Young Syrian Refugees")

Other Sources

Personal Interview
Sanders, Bernie. Personal interview. 28 Sept. 2016.
In-text: (Sanders)

Email
Boyle, Anthony T. "Re: Utopia." Received by Daniel J. Cahill, 28 Sept. 2016.
In-text: (Boyle)

Artwork (Physical)
Michelangelo. David. 1501-1504, Sculputre, Galleria dell'Accademica, Florence.
In-text: (Michelangelo)

Class Lecture
Tsuyuki, Chad. "Why My Smart Phone Will Never Be Smart Enough." English 100, 26 July 2016, MiraCosta College, Oceanside. Lecture.
In-text: (Tsuyuki)

Episode of a TV Show
"Hush." Buffy the Vampire Slayer, created by Joss Whedon, performance by Sarah Michelle Gellar, season 4, episode 10, Mutant Enemy, 1999.
In-text: ("Hush")