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MLA Citation

Modern Language Association (MLA) citation style is used to avoid plagiarism and give credit to others for their work. MLA requires:

  • In-Text Citations for each source when paraphrasing and quoting
  • Works Cited page with full citation details for each source used

MLA Citation Examples

Articles

Article (General Format)
Author Last Name, First Name. "Title: Subtitle of Article." Title of Source, vol. and/or no., Publisher, Publication Date (Date Month Year), URL-no http://, Accessed Date Month Year.
In-text: (Author page)

Article on a Website
Wheeler, Brian, and Alex Hunt. "All You Need to Know About the UK Leaving the EU." BBC News, 29 Sep. 2016, www.bbc.com/news/uk-politics-32810887. Accessed 12 Nov. 2016.
In-text: (Wheeler and Hunt)

Scholarly Article in a Database (DOI)
Bahr, Peter. "Classifying Community Colleges Based on Students' Patterns of Use." Research in Higher Education, vol. 54, no. 4, June 2013, pp. 433-460. EBSCOhost, doi:10.1007/s11162-012-9272-5. Accessed 12 Nov. 2016.
In-text: (Bahr 433)

Scholarly Article in a Database
Allom, Vanessa, et al. "Physical Activity and Transitioning to College: The Importance of Intentions and Habits." American Journal of Health Behavior, vol. 40, no. 2, Mar. 2016, pp. 280-290. EBSCOhost, doi: 10.5993/AJHB.40.2.13. Accessed 3 Nov. 2016.
In-text: (Allom et al. 285)

Books

Book (General Format)
Author. Title. Publisher, Publication Date (Year).
In-text: (Author page)

Book in Print
Said, Edward. Orientalism. Pantheon Books, 1978.
In-text: (Said 25)

eBook in a Database
Marshall, C. W., and George Kovacs. Classics and Comics. Oxford UP, 2011. EBSCOhost, search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=352893&site=ehost-live.
In-text: (Marshall and Kovacs 433)

Chapter or Essay in a Book
Pellerin, Robert M. "Disability and Inequality." Our Social World, edited by Jeanne H. Ballantine, et al., 5th ed., Sage, 2016, pp. 359-360.
In-text: (Pellerin 359)

Databases

Academic Search Ultimate
Bahr, Peter. "Classifying Community Colleges Based on Students' Patterns of Use." Research in Higher Education, vol. 54, no. 4, June 2013, pp. 433-460. EBSCOhost, doi:10.1007/s11162-012-9272-5. Accessed 12 Nov. 2016.
In-text: (Bahr 434)

Academic Video Online
"Chaos and Kings." Egypt, directed by Jeff Morgan, produced by John Gwyn, episode 1, Sky Vision, 1998. Academic Video Online, search.alexanderstreet.com.prox.miracosta.edu/avon/view/work/2305685. Accessed 12 Nov. 2016.
In-text: ("Chaos and Kings")

ArtStor
Michelangelo. David. 1501-1504, Galleria dell'Accademica, Florence. ArtStor.
In-text: (Michelangelo)

CQ Researcher
Clemmitt, Marcia. "Student Debt." CQ Researcher, vol. 21, no. 37, 21 Oct. 2011, pp. 877-900. CQ Press, library.cqpress.com/cqresearcher/cqresrre2011102100. Accessed 12 Nov. 2016.
In-text: (Clemmit 2)

eBook Collection
Marshall, C. W., and George Kovacs. Classics and Comics. Oxford UP, 2011. EBSCOhost, search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=352893&site=ehost-live.
In-text: (Marshall and Kovacs 75)

Films on Demand
"Thebes, Part 1: Life on the West Bank of the Nile." Living Stones 2: Uncovering Ancient History, Films Media Group, 2004. Films on Demand, prox.miracosta.edu/login?url=http://fod.infobase.com/PortalPlaylists.aspx?wID=97052&xtid=38797&loid=49559. Accessed 12 Nov. 2016.
In-text: ("Thebes")

Gale Virtual Reference Library
Kadolph, Sara J. "Chintz." Encyclopedia of Clothing and Fashion, edited by Valerie Steele, 2nd ed., vol. 1, Charles Scribner's Sons, 2005. pp. 266-268. Gale Virtual Reference Library, prox.miracosta.edu/login?url=http://go.galegroup.com/ps/i.do?p=gvrl&sw=w&u=ocea63505&v=2.1&it=r&id=gale|cx3427500126&asid=8b5b54950d2a007e97ee28c2ca387627. Accessed 12 Nov. 2016.
In-text: (Kadolph 266)

JSTOR
Stone, Jim. "Harry Potter and the Spectre of Imprecision." Analysis, vol. 70, no. 4, 2010, pp. 638-44. JSTOR, www.jstor.org/stable/40930271. Accessed 12 Nov. 2016.
In-text: (Stone 639)

Opposing Viewpoints
Sklar, Holly. "Raising the Minimum Wage Will Help the Poor." Social Justice, edited by William Dudley, Greenhaven Press, 2005. Opposing Viewpoints in Context, prox.miracosta.edu/login?url=http://link.galegroup.com/apps/doc/EJ3010755210/OVIC?u =ocea63505&xid=d9e56bfb. ​Accessed 12 Nov. 2016.
In-text: (Sklar)

Websites

Website (General Format)
Author. "Title." Website Name, Publication Date (Date Month Year), URL-no http://. Accessed Date Month Year.
In-text: (Author page)

Article on a Website
Lansky, Sam. "Adele on Motherhood, Social Media, and Breaking Records." Time, 21 Dec. 2015, time.com/4155795/adele-time-cover-story-interview-motherhood25/. Accessed 12 Nov. 2016.
In-text: (Lansky)

Entire Website
Supreme Court of the United States. The United States Government, 15 July 2016, www.supremecourt.gov. Accessed 8 Nov. 2016.
In-text; (Supreme Court)

Image on a Website
Dali, Salvador. Specter of the Evening. 1930. The San Diego Museum of Art, SDMART, collection.sdmart.org/Obj1100?sid=1234&x=100551&port=2907. Accessed 23 May 2018.
In-text: (Michelangelo)

Twitter
@persianwiki. "We have report of large street battles in east & west of Tehran now - #Iranelection." Twitter, 23 June 2009, 11:15 a.m., twitter.com/persianwiki/status/2298106072.
In-text: (@persianwiki)

Email
Picard, Jean-Luc. "Re: Warp Drive Repairs." Received by Geordi La Forge, 23 May 2016.
In-text: (Picard)

YouTube
"Young Syrian Refugees." YouTube, uploaded by BuzzFeedBlue, 20 May 2014, www.youtube.com/watch?v=E_kP2jMzn24.
In-text: ("Young Syrian Refugees")

Other Sources

Personal Interview
Sanders, Bernie. Personal interview. 28 Sept. 2016.
In-text: (Sanders)

Email
Boyle, Anthony T. "Re: Utopia." Received by Daniel J. Cahill, 28 Sept. 2016.
In-text: (Boyle)

Artwork (Physical)
Michelangelo. David. 1501-1504, Sculputre, Galleria dell'Accademica, Florence.
In-text: (Michelangelo)

Class Lecture
Tsuyuki, Chad. "Why My Smart Phone Will Never Be Smart Enough." English 100, 26 July 2016, MiraCosta College, Oceanside. Lecture.
In-text: (Tsuyuki)

Episode of a TV Show
"Hush." Buffy the Vampire Slayer, created by Joss Whedon, performance by Sarah Michelle Gellar, season 4, episode 10, Mutant Enemy, 1999.
In-text: ("Hush")